Facial Recognition Technology (Part 1): Its Impact on our Civil Rights and Liberties

Date: 
Wednesday, May 22, 2019 - 10:00am
Location: 
2154 Rayburn House Office Building, Washington, DC 20515
“Facial Recognition Technology (Part 1): Its Impact on our Civil Rights and Liberties”

CHAIRMAN CUMMINGS' OPENING STATEMENT

PURPOSE

  • The hearing will examine the use of facial recognition technology by government and commercial entities and the need for oversight on how this technology is used on civilians.  
  • Facial recognition technology uses an automated process to analyze faces captured in images and video to identify or confirm the identity of individuals.  There are currently no federal regulations regarding the use of facial recognition technology for commercial or government use.
  • The use of facial recognition technology by the government poses potential questions of constitutionality under the First, Fourth, and Fourteenth Amendments.  These questions are yet untested as the Supreme Court has not directly ruled upon the constitutionality of police use of facial recognition technology upon citizens.
  • During the 115th Congress, the Committee launched an investigation into federal law enforcement’s use of facial recognition technology.  The Government Accountability Office (GAO) released a report recommending that the Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI) make numerous changes to its facial recognition database to improve its data security and ensure privacy, accuracy, and transparency.  In April 2019, GAO released a letter to the Department of Justice highlighting six priority open recommendations that the FBI has yet to implement fully. 
  • During a 2017 hearing, the Committee found that 18 states have memorandums of understanding with the FBI to share their databases with the federal agency and that, as a result, over half of American adults are part of a facial recognition database.  
  • The Committee also found that facial recognition technology misidentifies women and minorities and a much higher rate than white males, increasing the risk of racial and gender bias.

WITNESSES

Joy Buolamwini
Founder
Algorithmic Justice League

Andrew G. Ferguson
Professor of Law
University of the District of Columbia, David A. Clarke School of Law

Clare Garvie
Senior Associate
Georgetown University Law Center, Center on Privacy & Technology

Neema Singh Guliani
Senior Legislative Counsel
American Civil Liberties Union

Dr. Cedric Alexander
Former President
National Organization of Black Law Enforcement Executives

116th Congress