HIV Prevention Drug: Billions in Corporate Profits after Millions in Taxpayer Investments

Date: 
Thursday, May 16, 2019 - 10:00am
Location: 
2154 Rayburn House Office Building, Washington, DC 20515
HIV Prevention Drug: Billions in Corporate Profits after Millions in Taxpayer Investments

CHAIRMAN CUMMINGS' OPENING STATEMENT

PURPOSE

The hearing will examine Gilead’s pricing for an HIV prevention drug known as Truvada for pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP).  The hearing also will examine taxpayer funding that led to approval by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and whether the public is receiving an appropriate return on its investment.

In 2012, the FDA approved the use of Truvada for PrEP, a daily pill that prevents the transmission of HIV.  In the United States, Truvada is currently sold at a list price of approximately $2,100 per month, generating $3 billion in revenue for Gilead in 2018 alone. Generic Truvada is available in other countries at a fraction of the cost, but no generic version is offered in the United States.

During the State of the Union, President Trump unveiled his “Ending the HIV Epidemic” initiative, which seeks to reduce new HIV infections by 90 percent in the next ten years.  A critical component of his plan is to expand the use of PrEP among at-risk populations. However, the high price of Truvada may hamper the government’s ability to achieve this objective.

On May 9, 2019, Health and Human Services Secretary Alex Azar announced that Gilead agreed to donate up to 2.4 million vials of PrEP each year for up to 11 years.  The medication will be distributed to approximately 200,000 individuals who are uninsured and at high risk of HIV transmission.  However, there are approximately 1.1 million Americans who are “at substantial risk for HIV and should be offered PrEP,” according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.  It remains unclear how the Administration will make up this shortfall, and at what cost.

WITNESSES

Daniel O'Day
Chairman and Chief Executive Officer
Gilead Sciences, Inc.

Dr. Robert M. Grant
Professor of Medicine
​University of California

Dr. Rochelle Walensky
Chief, Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital
Professor of Medicine, Harvard University

Tim Horn
Director, Medication Access and Pricing
National Alliance of State and Territorial AIDS Directors (NASTAD)

Dr. Aaron Lord
PrEP Patient and Advocate

Mr. Stephen Ezell
Vice President, Global Innovation Policy
Information Technology and Innovation Foundation

Issues: 
116th Congress