Subcommittee on Economic and Consumer Policy to Examine CFBP Proposed Repeal of the Payday Lending Rule

May 15, 2019
Press Release

 

Washington, D.C. (May 15, 2019)—On Thursday, May 16, 2019, the Subcommittee on Economic and Consumer Policy will hold a hearing on “CFPB’s Role in Empowering Predatory Lenders: Examining the Proposed Repeal of the Payday Lending Rule.”

 

WHERE:  2154 Rayburn House Office Building

 

WHEN:  Thursday, May 16, 2019

 

TIME:  2:00 p.m.

 

A livestream will be broadcast here

 

PURPOSE

 

This hearing will examine: (1) the integrity of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s (CFBP) rulemaking relating to the payday lending industry; and (2) the proposed rule on Payday, Vehicle Title, and Certain High-Cost Installment Loans.

 

BACKGROUND

 

  • Annually, around 12 million Americans use payday or auto title loans. Payday loans offer borrowers a small loan—on average, around $350—due in two weeks or less.  Payday loan repayment is timed to coincide with a borrower’s next payday or receipt of government benefits.  The average effective interest rate on a payday loan is around 400% and about 650% for online loans.

 

 

  • More than 80% of borrowers cannot repay their payday loan on time, and lenders encourage borrowers to roll over the principal into subsequent loans, fueling a cycle of debt.  The average borrower is likely to stay in debt for 11 months or longer.  Payday lenders make their money when borrowers fail to repay their loans.  90% of loan fees come from consumers who borrow or roll-over an existing payday debt seven or more times in a year.

 

  • CFPB devoted five years to researching and studying payday and auto title lending, culminating in its 2017 rule, “Payday, Vehicle Title, and Certain High-Cost Installment Loans” (2017 Payday Rule).  Under the rule, extending a loan without consideration of the ability to repay would constitute an unfair and abusive practice, subject to a CFPB enforcement action.  The compliance date of the rule is currently set for August 19, 2019.

 

  • In February, CFPB sought to delay the compliance date of the 2017 Payday Rule from August 19, 2019, to November 19, 2020.  It also sought to remove the part of the rule that requires underwriting and restricts lending to only borrowers who could repay in full without defaulting.  CFPB’s cost-benefit analysis concluded that the repeal of the rule would boost predatory payday and auto title lenders revenue by about $8 billion annually. CFPB also joined forces with the payday lenders who sued them to stop rule. 

 

WITNESSES

Thomas Pahl

Policy Associate Director for Research, Markets & Regulations

Consumer Financial Protection Bureau

116th Congress